Every human has right to dignity. People forced to migrate due to conflicts face however harsh situations throughout their journey. In this research notebook, we document the political, legal and health situation of de facto refugees trying to move from Italy to France. Indeed, despite Schengen agreements, the border was reactivated. Public authorities in Menton and Briançon push back 150 people to Italy each day, without respecting refugees’ right to apply for asylum as stated by the European Union’s law. In Ventimiglia and Oulx, refugees are also denied their right to live in decent conditions (access to food, toilettes, shelter, information, etc). This project is run by participants of the migration law clinic of the International University College of Turin.
1. Collecting existing knowledge
Through information scent, we collect information about the topic. We already listed over 50 articles and reports, 20 videos, and 140 news from civil society organizations, researchers, and media, as well as three great articles we reproduce thanks to their Creative Commons licenses:
- Ventimiglia 2015: a visual story by Emanuele Giacopetti
- Ventimiglia 2015-2018: a story of solidarity by Anna Finiguerra
- Ventimiglia 2015-2019: a story of perceptions by Ornaldo Gjergji
A first observation, possibly due to the scope of the research, is that most daily news coverage of the border situation seems to come from France, and support migrants’ voices. As for now, the perspective of the broader population living in the region, as well as public authorities is underrepresented.
2. Meeting with diverse actors
From May to June 2021, we plan to host group gathering and interviews to gather perspectives of the different actors in presence.
3. Getting the big picture
In parallel, we will create a visual to highlight how migration, health, and policies are related.
4. Spreading the word
Around July 2021, we will share a synthesis of this project. People interested in contributing to or building on this project are welcome to join us at all time via the Credits page.
We also started to share reflections on our methodology, as well as summaries of activities we take part to.